The Accessibility Standing Group reviewed state codes, statutes, and rules to determine appropriate standards for web accessibility with regard to requirements for educational institutions. During this process, we determined that in many cases, states are referring to national and international standards, which are WCAG 2.0 and WCAG 2.1 AA. The standards listed below include those at the international, national, and state level.
- International Standards
- National Standards
- Idaho Standards
- Oregon Standards
- Washington Standards
World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG)
Web Accessibility Initiative – Accessible Rich Internet Applications (WAI-ARIA)
Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973
Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. § 794d), as amended by the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (P.L. 105-220), requires the development, procurement, maintenance, and use of accessible information and communications technology.
- The General Services Administration posted a Quick Reference Guide to highlight changes from revised standards as of January 18, 2018.
- The U.S. Access Board issued the following accessibility standards:
- E205.4 Accessibility Standard: “Electronic content shall conform to Level A and Level AA Success Criteria and Conformance Requirements in WCAG 2.0 (incorporated by reference, see 702.10.1).”
- E207.2 WCAG Conformance: “User interface components, as well as the content of platforms and applications, shall conform to Level A and Level AA Success Criteria and Conformance Requirements in WCAG 2.0 (incorporated by reference, see 702.10.1).”
Plain Writing Act of 2010
The Plain Writing Act of 2010 (P.L. 111-274), also known as Plain Language, requires the use of clear language for government communication, with an emphasis on the ability of the public to find, understand, and use information. Federal Plain Language Guidelines provide sections for specific communication guidelines, including “follow web standards, design for reading, and repurpose print materials for the web.”
Idaho Technology Authority is established by I.C. § 67-830 through 67-833 to “ensure a coordinated approach to the design, procurement and implementation of information technology and telecommunications systems for both state government and the public.”
- Guideline 310 Web Publishing states compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act is required of all web pages developed for or by the State (see section IV), with statements for text, images, tables, scripts, multimedia, and more. The guidelines include HTML requirements, such as responsive design and preferences for file and directory names (see section V).
- Policy 5010 Web Publishing requires the following:
- Americans with Disabilities Act (section IVB) – “compliance is required”
- Section 508 of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (section IVC) – “compliance is required”
- World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) (section IVD) – “must adhere to the guidelines to the fullest extent possible”
- Standard 5120 Web Publishing provides approved standards for style and content.
Oregon’s statutes and administrative rules reflect requirements to comply with international and national standards, including Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) Level AA, Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. § 794d), and the Plain Writing Act of 2010 (P.L. 111-274).
- “The minimum level of compliance for accessibility is Level AA compliance with Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.1, including the guidelines associated with these principles:
- Perceivable – Information and user interface components must be presentable to users in ways they can perceive.
- Operable – User interface components and navigation must be operable.
- Understandable – Information and the operation of user interface must be understandable.
- Robust – Content must be robust enough that it can be interpreted reliably by a wide variety of user agents, including assistive technologies.”